Tag Archives: fiber optic cable

What Is a Patch Panel Used for?

Today, a good network will not run well without an efficient cable management. In data center, dealing with a variety of unorganized and disordered cables or wires is conducive to network operation. Patch panel, as a crucial element of an interconnected network cabling, plays an important role in the administration of the telecommunications network.

Brief Introduction of Patch Panel

Patch panel, also named as jack field, is a passive device with a number of ports that usually of the same type. It is a network part that commonly used in computer networking, recording studios, radio and television. A patch panel can be mounted in a network rack, lying above or below the network switch. Classified by the number of ports, there are 12-port patch panel, 24-port patch panel and 48-port patch panel.

patch panel

Uses of Patch Panel

A patch panel acts as a connector in network, which indicates that if anything goes wrong with it, the entire system may fail. It is absolute the way that can transfer lines from one place to another successfully. And the patch panel does provide several uses for network running.

  • Used for Managing Cables Easily

A variety of cables can be connected to one patch panel, which can reduce cable congestion. In addition, the patch panel can use a label such as location and desktop number for identification. For example, users can easily find the fault that may exist in the switch or in the cable through the labels when they encounter a connection error. Besides, using a patch panel allows users to change the configuration of the network or cabling to introduce more devices without having to rearrange the equipment or re-run. This will do helpful for protecting the equipment. Thus patch panel can crate a cleaner and more organized way for cable management.

  • Used for Saving Space

Patch panel contains many ports, so users can save much valuable rack space by using a high-density patch panel. This is particularly useful in data center. And in another aspect, it can help to reduce network cost.

  • Used for Increasing Working Efficiency

Using a patch panel can help users connect and disconnect network to homes without going into actual location, which can greatly improve efficiency and work flow.

Fiber or Copper Patch Panel?

Patch panel can be applied in fiber and copper cabling systems. The main purpose of fiber patch panel is managing fiber optic cables. It is generally believed that fiber patch panel deserves a higher price than the copper one.

In terms of structure, for copper patch panel, each pair of cables has an independent port while the fiber one needs two for one pair of wires. This is because one port of fiber patch panel is used as the transmitting end while the other one acts as the receiving end. Although there is a slightly difference, the two types both functioned as a terminate unit, offering an organized and efficient way for cable management.

Conclusion

Patch panel is a good solution for cable management. There is no doubt that patch panel is an essential component in cabling network due to its uses. It’s a great addition in getting a better network. FS.COM, who is always committed to creating a better telecommunication solutions, offers many kinds of patch panel with good performance.

Advantages of Fiber Cable Over Copper Cable

Selecting the optimum solution for your cabling infrastructure is vital. Basically there exist two options: fiber and copper. Since both offer some unique benefits and superior data transmission, it is rather hard to decide which one to use. Generally, your choice should depend on your current network, your future networking needs, and your particular application, including bandwidth, distances, environment, and cost. Although in some circumstance copper may be a better choice, in other situations, however, fiber cable obtains much more advantages.

fiber cable vs. copper cable

The very first step before you making the choice is to figure out the distinct properties of fiber optic cable and copper cable. To make it clear, we make a comparison here.

Advantages of Copper Cable

Power over Ethernet (PoE)—This offers you many other devices right through the networking cable itself, including power phones, surveillance cameras, Wireless Access Points (WAPs). It means that you don’t have to schedule an electrician in to run power to your surveillance cameras. Another advantage is the ability to have an emergency power supply that will continue powering mission critical devices even if your electricity goes out.

Less expensive electronics—If you are going to take fiber to the workspace, realize that most PC’s come with copper NIC cards. Optical ones will cost you between $100-200 each.

More flexible—TDM environments are built to run on copper infrastructures. Fiber can be used, however the electronics that make it work are expensive.

fiber vs.copper

Advantages of Fiber Cable
1.Greater Bandwidth

Fiber cable provides far greater bandwidth than copper and has standardized performance up to 10 Gbps. Keep in mind that fiber speeds are dependent on the type of cable used. Single-mode cable offers far greater distance than either 62.5- or 50-micron multimode cable. In addition, fiber optic cable can carry more information with greater fidelity than copper wire. That’s why telephone and CATV companies are converting to fiber.

2. Low Attenuation and Greater Distance

Because the fiber optic signal is made of light, very little signal loss occurs during transmission, and data can move at higher speeds and greater distances. Fiber does not have the 100-meter distance limitation of unshielded twisted pair copper (without a booster). Fiber distances can range from 300 meters to 40 kilometers, depending on the style of cable, wavelength, and network. Fiber cable performs better since fiber signals need less boosting than copper ones do.

3. Better Reliability and Immunity

Fiber provides extremely reliable data transmission. It’s completely immune to many environmental factors that affect copper cable. The core is made of glass, which is an insulator, so no electric current can flow through. It’s immune to electrometric interference (EMI) and crosstalk, impedance problems, and more. You can run fiber cable next to industrial equipment without worry. Fiber is also less susceptible to temperature fluctuations than copper and can be submerged in water.

4.Thinner and Sturdier

Fiber is lightweight, thin, and more durable than copper cable. Meanwhile, fiber optic cable has pulling specifications that are up to 10 times greater than copper cable’s. It’s easier to handle due to its small size, and it takes up much less space in cabling ducts. In addition, fiber is actually easier to test than copper cable.

5.More Flexibility

Media converters make it possible to incorporate fiber into existing networks. The converters extend UTP Ethernet connections over fiber optic cable. Modular patch panel solutions (we’ve discussed before) integrate equipment with 10 Gb, 40 Gb and 100/120 Gb speeds to meet current needs and provide flexibility for future needs. The panels in these solutions accommodate a variety of cassettes for different types of fiber patch cables.

fiber cable

6.Lower Cost

The cost for fiber cable, components, and hardware is decreasing steadily. Installation costs for fiber are higher than copper because of the skill needed for terminations. Although fiber is more expensive than copper in the short run, it may actually be cost-efficient in the long run. Fiber typically costs less to maintain, has much less downtime, and requires less networking hardware. And fiber eliminates the need to re-cable for higher network performance.

fiber and copper cost

7.More Secure

Fiber cable enables safer data transmission. It doesn’t radiate signals and is extremely difficult to tap. Once the cable is tapped, it’s very easy to monitor because the cable leaks light, causing the entire system to fail. If an attempt is made to break the physical security of your fiber system, you’ll know it. Fiber networks also enable you to put all your electronics and hardware in one central location, instead of having wiring closets with equipment throughout the building

Conclusion

We have explained the basic differentiator between fiber and copper, and it is rather clear that fiber cable is quickly rising in popularity, and more favored by new cabling installations and upgrades because of the benefits that come along with it. However, do remember that your cabling decisions should better depend on your very specific circumstances.